Glossary of Terms

Term Definition
Advocacy Advocacy is the process of negotiating and mediating a dialogue through which influential networks, opinion leaders, and, ultimately, decision makers take ownership of your ideas, evidence, and proposals, and subsequently act upon them.
Children’s University A Children’s University is non-formal university-based science engagement program or package of programmes s for children and young people as unconventional and non-traditional recipients of the academia
Dissemination Dissemination means sharing research and project results with potential users such as peers in the field, industry, other education players, media and policymakers. By sharing your results with the rest of the community, you are contributing to the progress of science and education in general.
Educator An educator is person who accepts responsibility for the educating process and educates by supporting and assisting one or more learners. Some people are educators by profession or professional educators, teachers, university lecturers, etc. At the same time parents, family members, youth organisation leaders, business owners and many others also have such a role.
Exploitation Exploitation of project outcomes is the use of results for the purposes of multiplying implementation or for influencing public policymaking.
Formal education Formal learning or formal education is education normally delivered by trained teachers in a systematic, intentional way within a school, university another higher education institution or a vocational training provider. It is one of three forms of learning as defined by the OECD, the others being informal learning and non-formal learning.
Implementation Implementation is the carrying out, execution, or practice of a plan, a method, or any design, idea, model, specification, standard or policy for doing something. As such, implementation is the action that must follow any preliminary thinking in order for something to actually happen.
Informal education Informal education is the wise, respectful and spontaneous process of cultivating learning. It works through conversation, and the exploration and enlargement of experience.
LEC A Local Educational Cluster (LEC) is a community of practice and serve as incubators of change in local education ecosystems. Different LECs may operate with different thematic focuses (ranging from class room design to active citizenship), involve diverse schools (from kindergarten to upper secondary) and explore and deploy various didactical concepts and approaches (from co-creation to problem-based learning) with a clear focus on an inclusive and gender sensitive way of teaching and learning. A LEC is composed of key stakeholders as experimental testbeds for educational cooperation.
MML-P The PHERECLOS Mobilisation and Mutual Learning Platform will provide the basis for showcasing the progress of TEMPs and will also include tools for pairing interested mentoring parties.
Non-formal education Education that is institutionalized, intentional and planned by an education provider. The defining characteristic of non-formal education is that it is an addition, alternative and/or a complement to formal education within the process of the lifelong learning of individuals. It is often provided to guarantee the right of access to education for all. It caters for people of all ages, but does not necessarily apply a continuous pathway-structure; it may be short in duration and/or low intensity, and it is typically provided in the form of short courses, workshops or seminars. Non-formal education mostly leads to qualifications that are not recognized as formal qualifications by the relevant national educational authorities or to no qualifications at all. Non-formal education can cover programmes contributing to adult and youth literacy and education for out-of-school children, as well as programmes on life skills, work skills, and social or cultural development.
Open Schooling Operating a school in a way that reflect on external ideas, topics and challenges and incorporates them in their teaching approaches and everyday school life, and in return, provide the creativity and potential as the assets of their pupils and teachers to the community around them
Policy Brief A policy brief is a concise summary of a particular issue, the policy options to deal with it, and some recommendations on the best option. It is aimed at government policymakers and others who are interested in formulating or influencing policy.
Science Capital The concept perceives individual representation of science as a bundle of commonplace habits, expectations and attitudes which are directly linked to and influenced by the everyday social sphere of individuals and all social actors herein
Steakholder (in education) In education, the term stakeholder typically refers to anyone – people or organisations – who is invested in the welfare and success of a school and its students, including administrators, teachers, staff members, students, parents, families, community members, local business leaders, and elected officials such as school board members, city councilors, and state representatives. In short, stakeholders have a “stake” in the school and its students, meaning that they have personal, professional, civic, or financial interest or concern.
STEAM STEAM Education is an approach to learning that uses Science, Technology, Engineering, the Arts and Mathematics as access points for guiding student inquiry, dialogue, and critical thinking
TEMP Transnational Education Mentoring Partnerships (TEMPs) between differently experienced parties in innovative education development are designed to create a snowball effect for the implementation and dissemination of transferable outcomes (models, recommendations and policy briefs) originating from the LECs
White Book A white book or white paper is an authoritative report or guide that informs readers concisely about a complex issue and presents the issuing body’s philosophy on the matter. It is meant to help readers understand an issue, solve a problem, or make a decision.
Whole School Approach A whole school approach aims to raise quality and standards across the entire school. For this approach to be effective, schools need to identify and address the needs of the school community and engage in continuous, cyclical processes for improvement.